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This small country is next to the baltic sea. In 1900, it was a part of the Russian empire. In 50 years, Riga (today capital of Latvia), have grown fastly from 50,000 inhabitants up to 514,000 in 1914. This created a heavy building activity and therefore a large place for Art Nouveau architecture. It is a large harbor which made buisness as far as south America in the XIX century. From around 1850, an intellectual movement "Jaunlatviesi" (new Latvians) tried to promote the developpement of a Latvian pres, litreture and science. At the end of the century, socialist ideas inspired the "Jauna strava" movement ("The new flow") and the latvian social-democrat party was founded in 1904. Latvia, both in the labor class and the peasan class was onr of the main focus of the 1905 revolution and repression continued until 1907.. Independance came in 1918.
Riga is the capital city of Latvia. At the turn of the century, in the 1900, it was known as the Paris of the Baltic sea. Several hundreds of Art Nouveau buildings still remain in this town. The most famous architect is certainly Eisenstein. He was incidently, the father of the famous producer of the famous movie "Battleship Potemkin".
Other cities show some Art Nouveau features but not as much as Riga.
Thanks to Eugene Suharnikov <firstname.lastname@example.org> for his help.
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