Welcome to the "Art Nouveau 'round the World server"
Art Nouveau artists wanted to erase the distinction between major and minor arts. They aimed at unifying all arts, centering them around man and his life. Therefore architecture, which has a direct influence on man's life, was the central art on which every skill is naturally integrated. Architecture is seen as a total art; every detail, every object in or on the building is related to the whole. Other crafts/arts of the Art Nouveau period not related to building are placards and jewelry. But jewelry took women as its center.
Others think that this first point of view is too reductive for movements that can have different approaches and even self contradictions. They prefer to study a "period" in Arts that ends at the First World War.
Art Nouveau, if defined as a decorative style, was already declining since the middle of the first decade. It was sparely in use after WWI, but in Spain by Gaudi or in Germany by Mendelsohn, or in countries where it had started later, like Greece and Argentina.
This server is made more or less in the second way of thinking, while not rejecting the fact that the Art Nouveau "style" is the first thing that a beginner sees and that this style had an important role in this complex period, especially with the beginning of mass advertising. Hypertext links are very useful to show a multifaceted world.
The name "Art Nouveau" ("new art" in English) was first used by contemporary critics in Belgium. It was then used by Siegfried Bing to name his art shop in Paris, which specialized in Japanese Art (his brother worked as an ambassador in Japan) and contemporary work by Art Nouveau artists. The shop interior was designed Art Nouveau artists including the Belgian artist Henry van de Velde and the Dutch George de Feure. The term is now used in English and French.
The name "Jugendstil" literally means: style promoted by the Jugend magazine (Jugend means Youth in German), which was created in Munich in 1896. It is now used in German to designate Art Nouveau. In Poland, the Art Nouveau movement was called Young Poland (Nova Polska).
Stile Liberty is named after the company "Liberty Ltd.". This famous English company was one of the few English companies involved in Art Nouveau. It is used in Italy as well as "stile Floreale" (flower style)
This word is used in German to characterize artistic movements rejecting the imitation of historical styles (secession means "be apart"). Viennese Secession is the best known, but such movements existed also in Dresde, München (the first one), and Berlin.
This word is used after the William Morris Association, which rejected the use of machines and pushed hand-made, high quality objects. The esthetics of Arts and Crafts is partly inspired by medieval Art and closely related to the Preraphaelist painting movement. The Arts & Crafts style directly inspired the Continental artists by the way of world fairs, magazines and visits.